When the hot weather hits Dover, the danger increases as well. Extremely hot temperatures can make it hard for your body to cool down properly, making you very sick. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC), more than 700 people die from heat-related causes in the United States each year. Dealing with hot weather means knowing what to do. These six tips can help you stay cool and healthy in the hot weather.
1. Stay Hydrated
Heat-related illnesses can be avoided with proper hydration. Your body naturally cools itself by sweating. As it gets hotter, your body sweats more to cool itself down. Because of this, you might get dehydrated very quickly. To avoid dehydration, do not wait until you feel thirsty to drink water. Drink fluids throughout the day to stay hydrated. If you will be physically active in hot weather, make sure you replace the electrolytes your body loses when you sweat. Sports drinks –choose those that are not laden with sugar– are good for keeping dehydration and muscle cramps at bay.
2. Limit Activities to Early Morning and Late Evening
Schedule your spring and summer outdoor activities in such a way that you avoid exposure during the hottest part of the day. As much as you can, stay indoors in an air-conditioned room. Opt for early morning or late evening activities if you want to spend time outdoors. This will help you stay away from too much heat and keep your body temperature from rising to unhealthy levels.
3. Stay Out of the Sun
Should you need to go outdoors during the day, avoid direct sunlight as much as possible.Do your activities in the shade or a tree or building if you can.Not only will you avoid sunburn but heat-related illnesses as well.If you will be moving around in the sun, make sure you apply sunscreen and wear a hat. You can also shade yourself with a solar umbrella. These are umbrellas specially designed to block harmful UV rays and can help your stay cool under the sun.
4. Dress for Comfort
It is important that you adjust your clothing choices when the weather turns hot so you can be comfortable throughout the day. Your best bets are lightweight, breathable fabrics that fit loosely. Tight-fitting or heavy materials will only trap heat and put you at risk for unhealthy body temperatures. You can also wear light long sleeves and pants for maximum sun protection.
5. Avoid Alcohol & Caffeine
You might think all drinks are designed to hydrate. Some drinks, usually those that contain alcohol or caffeine can lead to dehydration instead. Substances in these drinks cause you to lose more liquids in your body through frequent urination. Alcohol, especially, has been shown to interfere with your body’s ability to absorb the water you intake.
6. Know the Signs of Heat-Related Illnesses
You might still experience the effects of hot weather despite these precautions. If you suddenly feel dizzy, nauseous, or develop a painful headache, those could be signs of a heat-related illness. Cold, clammy skin, in addition to these symptoms, are signs of heat exhaustion.A more serious one is heatstroke, which has symptoms like a high fever, red, hot skin, and loss of consciousness. If you or someone you are with experiences these symptoms, you should get emergency medical help right away.
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